When you are doing research about a certain topic, it can be hard to know where to start. On this part of the website, we are offering you some help with that by compiling a bibliography. This guide organised by subject and each section is divided into basic and further reading. 


Bagnall, R. S. and Derow, P. (ed) (2003), The Hellenistic Period: Sources in Translation, Oxford.

Chaniotis, A. (2005) War in the Hellenistic world: A social and cultural history. Malden, MA, and Oxford: Blackwell.

Eckstein, A. M. (2007) Mediterranean anarchy, interstate war, and the rise of Rome. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.

Eddy, S. K. (1961) The king is dead: Studies in the Near Eastern resistence to Hellenism, 334–31 BC. Lincoln: Univ. of Nebraska Press.

Errington, R. M (2008),  A History of the Hellenistic World: 323 – 30 BC,  Blackwell.

Erskine (ed.), A. (2003), A Companion to the Hellenistic World. Blackwell companions to the Ancient World, Oxford.

Green, P. (1990), Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age, University of California Press.

Gruen, E. S. (1984) The Hellenistic world and the coming of Rome. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.

Sherk, R., ed. and trans. (1984) Rome and the Greek East to the death of Augustus. Cambridge, UK: Campbridge Univ. Press.

Shipley, G. (2014), The Greek World After Alexander 323–30 BC, Routledge.

Thonemann, P. (2016), The Hellenistic World: Using Coins as Sources (Guides to the Coinage of the Ancient World), Cambridge.

Walbank, F. W. (1981), The Hellenistic World, Harvard. 

Alexander the Great 

Bosworth, A. (1988) Conquest and empire: The reign of Alexander the Great. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Badian, E. (2008), Collected Papers on Alexander the Great. London: Routledge.

Briant, P. (2010)Alexander the Great and his empire: A short introduction. Translated by Amelie Kuhrt. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press.

Carney, E. & Ogden, D. (edd.). (2010) Philip II and Alexander the Great: Father and Son, Lives and Afterlives. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Green, P. (1992) Alexander of Macedon, 356–323 B.C.: A historical biography. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.

Heckel, W. (2008), The Conquests of Alexander the Great. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008

Heckel, W.& Lawrence A. T. (edd.). (2009) Alexander the Great. A New History. Chichester & Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.

Kallet-Marx, R. M. (1995) Hegemony to empire: The development of the Roman imperium in the East from 148 to 62 B.C. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.

Sherwin-White, A. N. (1984) Roman foreign policy in the East 168 B.C. to A.D. 1. London: Duckworth.

Stoneman, R. (2008) Alexander the Great. A Life in Legend. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Sullivan, R. D. (1990) Near Eastern royalty and Rome: 100–30 B.C. Toronto: Univ. of Toronto Press

Worthington, I, (ed.). (2011) Alexander the Great: A Reader. Second edition (first edition 2003). London & New York: Routledge.


Anson, E. M. (2004) Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek among Macedonians. Leiden: Brill.

Bosworth, A. B. (2002) The legacy of Alexander: Politics, warfare and propaganda under the Successors. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Heckel, W. and P. V. Wheatley. n.d. The Successors of Alexander: A Bibliography.

Hornblower, J. (1981) Hieronymus of Cardia. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Klinkott, H. (2000) Die Satrapienregister der Alexander- und Diadochenzeit. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner.

Romm, J. (2011) Ghost on the Throne: The Death of Alexander the Great and the War for Crown and Empire.

Wirth, G.. (1988) Nearch, ‘Alexander und die Diadochen: Spekulationen über einen Zusammenhang’. Tyche 3:241–259

The Antigonids

Billows, R. A. (1990) Antigonos the One-Eyed and the creation of the Hellenistic state. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.

Buraselis, K. (1982) Das hellenistische Makedonien und die Ägäis: Forschungen zur Politik des Kassandros und der drei ersten Antigoniden im Ägäischen Meer und in Westkleinasien. Munich: Beck.

Hammond, N. G. L., and Walbank, F. W. (1988) A history of Macedonia, volume III: 336–167 BC. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Hatzopoulos, M. B. (1996) Macedonian institutions under the kings: A historical and epigraphic study. 2 vols. Athens and Paris: Boccard.

Gabbert, J. J. 1997. Antigonus II Gonatas: A political biography. London: Routledge.

Le Bohec, S. (1993) Antigone Dôsôn, roi de Macédoine. Nancy: Presses Universitaires de Nancy.

Le Bohec, S. (1985) Les philoi des rois Antigonides. Revue des Études Grecques 98:93–124.


Ehling, K. (2008) Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der späten Seleukiden (164–63 v. Chr.): vom Tode des Antiochos IV. bis zur Einrichtung der Provinz Syria unter Pompeius. Stuttgart: Steiner.

Grainger, J. D. (1990) Seleukos Nikator: Constructing a Hellenistic kingdom. London: Routledge.

Mittag, P. F. (2006) Antiochos IV. Epiphanes: Eine politische Biographie. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

Ma, J. (2002) Antiochos III and the cities of western Asia Minor. New edition. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Orth, W. (1977) Königlicher Machtanspruch und städtische Freiheit: Untersuchungen zu den politischen Beziehungen zwischen den ersten Seleukidenherrschern (Seleukos I., Antiochos I., Antiochos II.) und den Städten des westlichen Kleinasien. Munich: Beck.


Bagnall, R. S. (1976) The administration of the Ptolemaic possessions outside Egypt. Leiden: Brill.

Ellis, W. M. (1994) Ptolemy of Egypt. London: Routledge.

McKechnie, P. and Philippe G., eds. (2008)Ptolemy II Philadelphus and his world. Leiden: Brill.

Roller, Duane (2010) W. Cleopatra and Antony: Power, Love, and Politics in the Ancient World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Southern, P. (2008) The Ptolemies, the Rise and Fall of Egypt’s Hellenistic Dynasty.” London: Continuum.

Sprott, Duncan. (2016) The Ptolemies, the Last Pharaohs, London: Sidgwick & Jackson.

Tomlinson, R.A. (1971) Ptolemaic Alexandria. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Eastern hellenistic kingdoms

Bresson, A., Askold I., and Ferrary, J-L. eds. (2007) Une koinè pontique: Cités grecques, sociétés indigènes et empires mondiaux sur le littoral nord de la Mer Noire. Bordeaux: Ausonius.

Burcu Erciyas, D. (2005) Wealth, aristocracy and royal propaganda under the Hellenistic kingdom of the Mithridatids in the central Black Sea region of Turkey. Leiden: Brill.

de Callataÿ, F. (1997) L’Histoire des guerres Mithridatiques vue par les monnaies. Louvain: Département d‘Archéologie et d‘Histoire de l’Art.

McGing, B. C. (1986) The foreign policy of Mithridates VI Eupator king of Pontos. Leiden: Brill.

hellenistic Greece

Corsten, Thomas. 1999. Vom Stamm zum Bund: Gründung und territoriale Organisation griechischer Bundesstaaten. Munich: Oberhummer

Grieb, V. (2008) Hellenistische Demokratie: Politische Organisation und Struktur in freien griechischen Poleis nach Alexander dem Grossen. Stuttgart: Steiner.Gesellschaft.

Larsen, J. A. O. (1968) Greek federal states: Their institutions and history. Oxford: Clarendon Press.


Habicht, C. (1997)Athens from Alexander to Antony. Translated by Deborah Lucas Schneider. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press.

Schwenk, C J. (1985) Athens in the age of Alexander: The dated laws and decrees of the Lykourgan Era, 338–322 BC. Chicago: Ares.


Cartledge, P. and Spawforth, A. (1989) Hellenistic and Roman Sparta: A tale of two cities. London: Routledge.


Feyel, M. (1942) Polybe et l’histoire de Béotie au IIIe siècle avant notre ère. Paris: Boccard.

Roesch, P. (1982) Études béotiennes. Paris: Boccard.


Lefèvre, F. (1998) L’amphictionie pyléo-delphique: Histoire et institutions. Paris: Boccard

Rousset, D. (2002) Le territoire de Delphes et la terre d’Apollon. Paris: Boccard.


Flacelière, R. (1937) Les Aitoliens à Delphes: Contribution à l’histoire de la Grèce centrale au 3. siècle av. J.-C. Paris: Boccard.

Grainger, J. D. (1999) The League of the Aitolians, Leiden: Brill.

Scholten, J. B. (2000) The politics of plunder: Aitolians and their Koinon in the early Hellenistic era, 279–217 B.C. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.


Picard, O. (1979) Chalcis et la confédération Eubéene: Étude de numismatique et d’histoire, IVe-Ier siècle. Athens and Paris: École Française d’Athènes.

Aegean islands

Berthold, R. M. (1984) Rhodes in the Hellenistic age. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press.

Buraselis, K. (2000) Kos between Hellenism and Rome: Studies on the political, institutional and social history of Kos from ca. the middle second century B.C. until Late Antiquity. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.

Constantakopoulou, C. (2007) The dance of the islands: Insularity, networks, the Athenian empire, and the Aegean world. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Gabrielsen, V., Bilde, P., Engberg-Pedersen, T., Hannestadt, L. and Zahle, J. eds. (1999) Hellenistic Rhodes: Politics, culture, and society. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus Univ. Press.

Labarre, G. (1996), Les cités de Lesbos aux époques hellénistique et impériale. Paris: Boccard.

Rauh, N. K. (1993) The sacred bonds of commerce: Religion, economy, and trade society at Hellenistic Roman Delos. Amsterdam: Gieben.

Reger, G. (1994) Regionalism and change in the economy of independent Delos, 314–167 B.C. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.

Shipley, G. (1987) A history of Samos, 800–188 BC. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Sherwin-White, S. M. (1978) Ancient Cos: An historical study from the Dorian settlement to the imperial period. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht.

polybius of Megalopolis

Champion, C. (2004a) Cultural Politics in Polybius’ Histories, Berkeley and Los Angeles.

Derow, P. S. (1982) ‘Polybius’  in Luce, T. J., Ancient Writers, Greece and Rome, New York, 525-539.

Eckstein, A. M. (1995) Moral visions in the Histories of Polybius, Berkeley and Los Angeles.

Henderson, J. (2013) ‘From Megalopolis to Cosmopolis: Polybius or there and back again’, in Goldhill, S. (ed) Cultural Identity, the Second Sophistic and the Development of Empire, Cambridge, 29-49.

McGing, B. C. (2010) Polybius’ Histories, New York.

Sharrock A. and Ashley, R. (2002), ‘Polybius’, Fifty Key Classical Authors,  185-192.

Walbank, F. W. (1972) Polybius, Berkeley.